Main Research Topics

The project deals with the following research topics, organized in two modules:

module 1

In Module 1, materials with high specific surfaces of biogenic origin are investigated with the aim of generating a fundamental understanding of the production, characterization and application potentials of these materials (e.g. foams, aerogels, nanostructures, hybrid materials) and taking important steps towards energy- and resource-efficient use. In particular, resource-saving and sustainable (chemical) processes, e.g. water-based, are at the forefront of research interests. Examples of applications can be found in biogenic filter materials (e.g. for water treatment), lightweight construction, energy storage, thermal insulation, sound insulation, construction, as interactive surfaces, etc. Active and computational materials are also becoming increasingly important, and ideally also multifunctional.

module 2

Module 2 addresses the controlled structuring and functionalization of surfaces and interfaces. Interactions of materials with the environment occur via these interfaces, i.e. the functionality, application properties and experienced qualities are determined to a large extent via them. The overall goal is to integrate new and, above all, multiple functions into these interfaces and to create corresponding interactive interfaces. Functionalization with active or adaptive components creates (switchable) interfaces that enable complex interactions over staggered length scales, following the example of nature. Furthermore, active material integration in new interfaces and as a component of new interactions holds great promise for the future: not only can new fields of application be opened up, but previously unknown qualities and materialities can also be explored and multisensory, physical-digital user experiences made possible in the first place.

MATERIALS WITH HIGHly SPECIFIC SURFACES OF BIOGENIC ORIGIN
  • Development and characterization of foams from tannin and/or lignin
  • Hybrid structures made of a ceramic/tannin or lignin composite
  • Production and application of biogenic foams in the construction sector
  • Production and application of biogenic foams for lightweight structures
  • Lightweight construction with biogenic materials
  • Machining and processing technologies for biogenic foams
  • Shaping and surface technologies for biogenic building materials
STRUCTURING AND FUNCTIONALIZATION OF SURFACES AND INTERFACES
  • Functionalization of surfaces with extracts from biogenic resources
  • Functionalization of wood and wood-based material surfaces
  • Interaction materials based on biogenic materials
  • Smart Materials Interaction: Materiality from the perspective of interaction research
  • What is “good” from the user’s point of view
  • Contextual Materials: Interplay of contextual needs, material innovation and user needs
  • Tangible Interfaces: Tangible Interfaces (“touchable” interaction) through future material properties, future material properties driven by interaction needs
Publications

Economidou, E., Vogel, S., França, N. C., Maurer, B., & Tscheligi, M. (2021). Tales from the Materialverse: Comic-Based Narratives and Character Cut-Outs for Co-Design Fiction. In C. Ardito, R. Lanzilotti, A. Malizia, H. Petrie, A. Piccinno, G. Desolda, & K. Inkpen (Eds.), Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2021 (pp. 302–311). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-85616-8_18

Eckardt, J., Neubauer, J., Sepperer, T., Donato, S., Zanetti, M., Cefarin, N., Vaccari, L., Lippert, M., Wind, M., Schnabel, T., Petutschnigg, A., & Tondi, G. (2020). Synthesis and Characterization of High-Performing Sulfur-Free Tannin Foams. Polymers, 12(3), 564. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12030564

Kain, S., Ecker, J. V., Haider, A., Musso, M., & Petutschnigg, A. (2020). Effects of the infill pattern on mechanical properties of fused layer modeling (FLM) 3D printed wood/polylactic acid (PLA) composites. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 78(1), 65–74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00107-019-01473-0

Koopmann, A.-K., Schuster, C., Torres-Rodríguez, J., Kain, S., Pertl-Obermeyer, H., Petutschnigg, A., & Hüsing, N. (2020). Tannin-Based Hybrid Materials and Their Applications: A Review. Molecules, 25(21), 4910. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25214910

Sepperer, T., Tondi, G., Petutschnigg, A., Young, T. M., & Steiner, K. (2020). Mitigation of Ammonia Emissions from Cattle Manure Slurry by Tannins and Tannin-Based Polymers. Biomolecules, 10(4), 581. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10040581

Vogel, S., Campreguer França, N., Economidou, E., Maurer, B., & Tscheligi, M. (2020). Circular HCI: Tools for Embedding Circular Thinking in Material-Driven Design. Companion Publication of the 2020 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference, 233–237. https://doi.org/10.1145/3393914.3395894

Wagner, K., Musso, M., Kain, S., Willför, S., Petutschnigg, A., & Schnabel, T. (2020). Larch Wood Residues Valorization through Extraction and Utilization of High Value-Added Products. Polymers, 12(2), 359. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12020359